It’s not too early to start thinking about Short Term Youth Exchange for the summer of 2014.
For example, if your student would like to go to Japan, applications are due in December at the latest and there are already applications on the waiting list for the few spots that do come available.
There are opportunities for the Southern Hemisphere and India that require a lot of planning in advance and have a much longer than usual trip. These exchanges also require flexible school districts.
Applications for Europe are due in by May, but some countries are only available for one or 2 students (Iceland is an example) and the earlier your student's application is in the better your student's chances of obtaining the country of your choice can be.